1. The concepts of knowledge and knowing are necessary aspects of inquiring. The classical formulation of knowledge is as justified true belief. What are the difficulties applying this definition to knowledge claims in psychological research?
2. The case of hypnosis research is a good example of how psychological theories can produce competing claims and lead to confusion about phenomena. How might understanding the epistemological commitments in a psychological theory be helpful in clarifying agreements or disagreements between competing theories?
Please answer each question “separately”. Each answer must be between 150-250 words in length using APA format. Each question must also be answered using at least one reference.