Psychological Models

These are the case studies that must be used in this assignment!

  • Caan’s 2012 article, “Defining Addiction, With More Humanity?,” from Contemporary Social Science, volume 7, issue 2, pages 159–165.
    This article challenges the popular trend in North America to reduce addiction to a neuroscientific level without giving consideration to sociocultural factors.
  • Price, Risk, and Spitznagel’s 2001 article, “Remission From Drug Abuse Over a 25-Year Period: Patterns of Remission and Treatment Use,” from the American Journal of Public Health, volume 91, issue 7, pages 1107–1113.
    The major finding from this research was that young drug abusers gradually achieved remission without treatment, even if they had been using heroin. “Spontaneous remission was the rule rather than the exception” (p. 1107).
  • Russell, Davies, and Hunter’s 2011 article, “Predictors of Addiction Treatment Providers’ Beliefs in the Disease and Choice Models of Addiction,” from the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, volume 40, issue 2, pages 150–164.
    This article demonstrates that U.S. treatment providers are more inclined to consider addiction a disease whereas U.K. providers are more likely to see addiction as a choice, based on their answers to the Addiction Belief Scale. This has implications for training addiction professionals in the United States.
  • The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’s 2009 article, “Alcoholism Isn’t What It Used To Be,” from NIAAA Spectrum, volume 1, issue 1, pages 1–4.
    This article is an acknowledgement from the NIAAA that “about 75% of persons who recover from alcohol dependence do so without seeking any kind of help, including specialty alcohol (rehab) programs and Alcoholics Anonymous” (p. 2).
  • The Psychological Models

    For this assignment, imagine you are a counselor working in a psychological model treatment program. Select one of the case studies you were introduced to in Unit 1 to represent your “client,” who is seeking help from your program. You may choose the same one that you used for The Disease Models assignment, or you may choose to use a different case study.

    Assignment Instructions

    Complete the following sections for this assignment:

    • Introduction—In this section of the paper:
      • Identify the client from the case study and briefly summarize the client’s demographic characteristics and addictive behavior history that are relevant to the psychological models of addiction. This section sets the stage for the next sections.
    • Applications of Psychological Models—In this section:
      • Apply your understanding of one or more of the psychological models of addiction to your client. Do client demographics and history suggest that your client suffers from a psychological model of addiction? Based on your interpretation, what psychological model treatment strategies might you recommend for this client?
    • Sociocultural Factors and the Psychological Models—Finally, in this section:
      • Describe how sociocultural factors (poverty, education, drug laws, media portrayal of addiction and treatment, and support for harm reduction methods like methadone maintenance and needle exchange programs) may affect the client’s perception of the problem and the addictive behavior. Does the media present psychological models of addiction with the same support shown to the medical, pharmaceutical, and recovery industries? If not, how could that affect the client’s acceptance of psychological models of addiction treatment?
      • Describe sociocultural factors that may contribute to the addictive behavior as well as factors that may be helpful in overcoming the addiction from the perspective of the psychological models of addiction.

    Assignment Requirements

    • Length: The paper should be 2–3 pages, excluding the title page and resources page.
    • References: Throughout your paper, apply relevant research findings from scholarly literature using in-text citations to support your reasoning. Include references for each of your citations in a separate reference page at the end of your paper.
    • Turnitin: Prior to submitting, submit your paper to Turnitin, which will help ensure that you have given proper credit for the information presented in the paper.

    In addition look through The Psychological Models Scoring Guide to ensure you have met all of the criteria for the assignment.Note: Your instructor may also use the Writing Feedback Tool to provide feedback on your writing. In the tool, click the linked resources for helpful writing information.

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