1. Presenting Your Literature Review
Start your dissertation content with a short introduction. This introduction should present the scope of your research while also establishes the need for your research. It should expand upon the abstract’s summary. The introduction should include any context or background information that the reader needs to understand your research.
Writing the introduction after the rest of the content can sometimes be a good way of ensuring the introduction covers everything.
Write the literature review. The literature review should be beneficial to both the layman and the expert. It should cover the literature related to your concept, link literature similar to your own, and demonstrate the issues related to your chosen research.
If your research improves upon or clarifies a specific flaw in previous research, be sure to highlight the importance of your original content.
The literature review should also pinpoint wherever previous research conflicts.
Demonstrate why your dissertation has merit. A dissertation should be written because there is a knowledge gap of some kind in the industry. Explain how your dissertation fills the gap and why the information is even needed. The dissertation should prove to be original. Given their respective experience, your advisors should be able to provide considerable guidance on the dissertation topic choice and how to prevent a certain degree of redundancy.
Consider if your dissertation really interests you. The work will take a considerable amount of time, and losing interest will make research difficult.
2. Explaining Your Methodology
Restate the purpose of your study. The purpose of the methodology section is to demonstrate how data was collected. As such, the majority of the following sections will fill in the necessary details. The explanation does not have to be elaborate, but it should prepare the reader for the upcoming, detailed methodology.
Describe any participants. If applicable, the description of any people who take part in your study should be comprehensive. Each person should be identifiable within the research. Further, how people join and leave the study should be noted. If people were selected at random or were family members, it is important to the study.
Be sure to consider various ethical concerns (e.g., participants’ risk and consent) if people are involved in your research.
Explain all tools related to measurement. If you have developed a new measurement method, something like a survey or questionnaire, explicitly state every detail about it. If an already established metric is being used, be sure to reference it where applicable. Once the tool(s) are noted, be sure to capture all pertinent information, such as the following:
- Describe the format of the captured data.
- Identify all scores obtained by the tools.
- Note which techniques were used to administer the measurements.
Describe your research design. Break down all the details of how it will take place from beginning to end. Define all variables and all scenarios so that anyone wishing to do so could reproduce your procedures and entire study.
Include potential reasons the research validity could be threatened. For instance, a study related to happiness could be affected by weather or a participant’s family problem.
Breakdown the finite details, so there are no holes if someone were to attempt duplication.
3. Developing Your Study and Results
List the results of the research. It is not necessary to include all results discovered through the research. Only the most relevant to the dissertation’s scope and research is necessary. Do not interpret the research. If some significant findings or data should be left for the later portion of the dissertation, everything is explained.
Cross-reference text with pertinent visual aids (i.e., figures, graphs, tables).
Divide results into chapters. The dissertation should be organized so that chapters are focused on a specific question. The questions could be wide-ranging, based on a thought-process, an aspect of your methodology, or other research issues. Be sure the chapters not only address the questions but answers them.
Develop your argument. Once the research is done, the chapters should support a central idea you’re attempting to make. They should support what you are attempting to prove through your detailed research and methodology. Help support your argument by avoiding debatable statements related to the chapter’s questions. A few examples follow:
- Debatable – Approximately 60% of the voters supported the referendum.
- Non-debatable – Microprocessors are smaller today than they were 10 years ago.
4. Concluding Your Dissertation Writing
Conclude your dissertation. Present the importance of your findings within the context of your overall research. Without a solid conclusion, the research could be poorly conducted, or perhaps the author doesn’t understand the results of the dissertation.
Be sure to clarify how the conclusions relate to the questions posed before research and related results.
Pose directions for further research. Inevitably, your research will not be perfect. As such, you should propose how to solve the flaws in future research. There could be unanticipated results upon which you could suggest related future research. There may also be anticipated results that didn’t materialize. You can suggest a more narrow focus of your research that someone in the future could follow to answer the unanswered question.
Gauge the effectiveness of your dissertation. It’s important for the conclusion also to lay out the strengths and weaknesses of the research. Display where limitations exist and why those limitations may affect the results. The purpose of focusing on limitations is to display the command you have over your research, why there may have been difficulties, how important the limitations are to your arguments, and justify the choices made during your research.
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